What is gestational diabetes?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
About 3 to 10 percent of women can develop high blood glucose during their pregnancy. Often this condition disappears after give birth their baby; however, they are at higher risk of developing diabetes type 2 later in their lives.

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which woman not previously diagnosed as diabetes; however, exhibits high blood-glucose levels during pregnancy, mostly in their third trimester. This occurs because insulin receptor does not function properly during pregnancy due to vast hormonal change.
diabetes-gestational

I heard that diabetes type 2 is a mild form of diabetes. Is it true?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
No, there is no such thing as a mild or severe form of diabetes. All diabetes is considering as serious, if not properly treated can lead to dangerous diabetes complications.
diabetes-mild-serious

What is diabetes type 2?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Diabetes type 2 can develop at any age; however, often diagnosed among people after age 40. Recently, it starts to appear with more frequently among children. Patients with this diabetes are producing insulin, may be insufficiently or ineffectively. Diabetes type 2 may develop due to insulin resistance, and/or beta cell dysfunction & decreased beta cell mass.

Treatment includes diet control, increased physical activity (or regular exercise), weight loss, and oral medications or insulin. Most of the people with diabetes type 2 may require insulin therapy after 15 to 25 years of diagnosis.
diabetes-type-2

What is diabetes type 1?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Diabetes type 1 can develop at any age, mostly diagnosed among infants to people at their late 30s. Patients with this diabetes produce little or no insulin. Diabetes type 1 develops when your body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

Still now, we not fully understand the actual causes of this diabetes; however, scientists believe both genetic factors with environmental triggers may involve. Diet or lifestyle has no link with the cause of type 1 diabetes, thus you cannot get rid of it.

People with diabetes type 1 must need to inject insulin several times a day or in insulin pump.
diabetes-type-1

What are the difference types of diabetes?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Type of diabetes - Diabetes is classified into three types; they are diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease; insulin-secreting cells are destroyed by the body’s immune system. Diabetes type 2 is condition where there is low insulin secretion or body is not sensitive to the insulin (not properly utilized by the body) or both. Gestational diabetes is the diabetes, which develops during pregnancy (due to heavy hormonal changes) and normally disappears after delivery.
diabetes-types

Myth: You get diabetes from others.
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Fact: No, diabetes is not contagious, and it cannot catch like a cold or flu. Genetics and lifestyle factors play an important role in the development of diabetes.
diabetesnotfromothers

Are you at risk of diabetes?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
According to International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) lifestyle without or limited physical activity and unhealthy eating habits in our urban cities are behind the sharp increase in people being overweight and obese. This is considering as a major risk factor for developing diabetes type 2 and other metabolic syndrome. Thus, those who are at more risks towards diabetes type 2 can reduce their risk by maintaining a healthy body weight through healthy eating habit and with regular exercise.
sedentary-life

What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Once diabetes develops and if the blood sugar remains high may produce some diabetes symptoms; they are excessive thirst, urinate frequently, too much hunger, blurred vision, fatigue, weight gain or loss. These symptoms occur during blood-glucose rise, and it may disappear when it normalizes.
If you have a family history of diabetes or having other diabetes risk factors and feel some of the above symptoms, then immediately, go for a blood test. I heard from many peoples, who were diagnosed as diabetes when they consult their doctor for some other health reason. Additionally, they are not experiencing any of the diabetes symptoms. Therefore, if you are having family history of diabetes, then you should do a regular blood test after your thirties for every year.
diabetes-symptoms-test

What are the diabetes signs?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
There are the three important diabetes signs, they are:
• Polyuria – urinates more often in large quantities.
• Polydipsia – is a frequent thirst and urges to drink large quantities of liquid.
• Polyphagia – is a frequent and increased appetite.
diabetes-signs

What is carbohydrate metabolism?
Thiruvelan
thiruvelan
Carbohydrate metabolism is digestion and breakdown of carbohydrates in the food into glucose and helps the body to utilize it for energy.

Digestion of carbohydrate is a mechanical (chewing and peristaltic movement of digestive tract) as well as a chemical process (enzymatic breakdown of carbohydrates).

Liver and pancreas play important roles in carbohydrate metabolism. Liver convert excess glucose in the blood into glycogen and store it for the future requirement. Pancreas is releasing insulin with respect to the amount of glucose in the blood stream, which act as a key to the body cell to absorb insulin from blood.
carbohydrate-metabolism1

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